Portsmouth Water has no large raw water storage reservoirs. It relies almost entirely upon groundwater reserves in the chalk aquifers of the South Downs and abstracts its raw water from wells, boreholes and springs. It has one river abstraction at Gaters Mill on the River Itchen, a chalk river with a groundwater baseflow.
Those reserves rise and fall with the seasons and so Portsmouth Water pays particular attention to the local hydrogeological data by monitoring rainfall at its Havant Offices, groundwater levels in the chalk at Idsworth on the Hampshire/Sussex border, as well as the total yield from the natural springs at Havant and Bedhampton.
These resources are monitored on a daily basis and reported upon on a monthly basis. The information here is therefore at times one month behind the most current situation.
The information gathered is reproduced here for information purposes; no guarantee is given as to its accuracy.
The Rainfall Records at the Company’s Head Office at Havant date back to 1886.
The month of January saw below average rainfall with approximately 95% of the long term average rain for the month. Rain fell on approximately 45% of the days with the maximum daily rainfall approximately 13mm on Sunday 29 January 2017.
Total rainfall for the month was 82mm, lower than the long term average (last 30 years) of 86mm.
The Company has groundwater records from the Idsworth Estate Well, north of Rowlands Castle, which date back to 1931. Water levels in the Well, which is entirely unaffected by abstraction, give an accurate indication of the groundwater reserves of the South Downs. In the winter, levels usually rise in response to rainfall, whilst during the summer, levels recede as any summer rainfall either evaporates or is taken up by trees and plants before reaching the aquifer below. Levels can fluctuate by as much as 20m.
The Groundwater level is usually recorded in metres AOD (Above Ordnance Datum), Ordnance Datum principally being equivalent to sea level.
Groundwater levels at the end of the Summer 2016 were close to the long term average. Autumnal rainfall in September, October and November normally sees the rapid recovery of groundwater levels. Actual Autumnal rainfall has been 55% of the long term average 243mm compared with 427mm. The month of October being particularly low, 7mm compared with the long term average of 100mm. The below average autumnal and winter rainfall has resulted in levels being approximately 8.8m below the long term average at the end of January.
Rainfall normally remains high in February and March which is of importance to see groundwater levels recover.
The graph below shows the change in groundwater level over the last twenty four months compared to the Long Term Average (last 30 years).